The Four Pillars of Education
These four pillars of knowledge cannot be anchored solely in one phase in a person's life or in a single place. There is a need to re-think when in people's lives education should be provided, and the fields that such education should cover. The periods and fields should complement each other and be interrelated in such a way that all people can get the most out of their own specific educational environment all through their lives
Ø Learning to know, that is acquiring the instrument of understanding;
Ø Learning to do, so as to be able to act creatively in one’s environment;
Ø Learning to live together, so as to participate in and cooperate with other people in all human activities; and
Ø Learning to be, so as to better develop one’s personality and to act with ever greater autonomy, judgement and personal responsibility.
Leaning to how implies by learning how to learn by developing one’s concentration, memory skills and ability to think.
Learning to do demonstrates that in order to live and work together productively and harmoniously, we must first find peace within ourselves, expand our acceptance and understanding of others, and continually strive towards living the values which enables us to contribute more fully to the development to a peaceful and just society. Learning to do represents the skillful, discerning application of knowledge. One must learn how to think creatively, critically and holistically, and how deeply understand the information that is represented.
Learning to live together one of the most vital genuine and lasting culture of peace in both Asia-Pacific region and throughout the world. This can be achieved by developing an understanding of others and their history, traditions, and spiritual values. The third pillar of education implies that the teacher should help the students to develop an understanding of other people and appreciation of interdependence.
Learning to be refers to the role of education in developing all dimensions of the complete person: The physical, intellectual, emotional and ethnical integration of the individual into a complete man.