In addition to age, gender is one of the universal dimension on which status difference are based. Unlike sex, which is a biological concept, gender is a social construct specifying the socially and culturally prescribed roles that men and women are to follow.
Theories of gender development
Ø Social learning theory
Ø Cognitive developmental theory
Ø Gender schema theory
Gender stereotyping is defined as the beliefs human holds about the characteristics associated with males and females.
Gender equality gives women and men the same entitlements to all aspects of human development, including economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights; the same level of respect; the same opportunities to make choices; and the same level of power to shape the outcomes of these choices.