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Stages of writing Development

Stages of writing Development
                                                                                                       Conventional spelling
                                                                                       Invented spelling
                                                                   Reproducing learned units
                                          Making letter-like forms
                      Scribbling
  Drawing

Skills in Reading Study Skills and Comprehension
1. PQRST Method-  helps students focus on studying and prioritizing the information that relates directly to how they will use that information.
     Preview- looking at the topic by glancing over the major headings or the points in the reading material.
     Question-formulating queries that maybe answered. That the student wants to learn.
      Read- reading through the material that relates to the topic.
     Summary- put together the information read.
                 Test- Assessing whether focus has remained.
   
2. Spider Diagram-  links concepts together.      

Passport                                                      plane ticket

                     Immigration


Foreign affairs                                                  To another country


2 .SQ4R Method
       Survey-  to develop general idea of the structure.
       Question- asking oneself a question which serve to keep the reader more      involved in the material read.
Read- reading carefully and trying to answer questions.
Write- write down the answers to the questions formerly read.
Recite- reciting what has been read.
Review- key to figuring out what one knows and what one needs to concentrate on.
3. PQ4R
Preview-survey the chapter to determine the general topics being read.
Questions- making questions about the section.
Read- reading the section carefully trying to answer the questions one has made.
Reflect - reflecting on the text as one is reading. Relate the material to prior knowledge.
Recite-recite the portion one had trouble remembering.
Review- mental recalling of the main points.

Stages of Language Development

Stage 1-  Holophrastic Stage- (10-12 mos.)- the child speaks one word at a time.
Holophrases- one word utterances
Stage 2-  Joining Stage- (18-24 mos.)-producing two and three word utterance
Stage 3 –The Combining Stage- (age 3)- structures of questions and negation evolves.
Stage 4- Recursive Stage- (3.5-4 mos.)- develops first complex sentences.
Stage 5- Toward the adult Stage- vocabulary expands enormously; language functions change and expand.

The Four-Pronged Approach
  The Four-Pronged approach is one of the modern approaches that is being used in the educational system. It is practically based on the different principles- content based instruction, constructivism, thematic teaching and the teacher as facilitator.
Developing Genuine Love for Reading – is focused on the idea of letting students appreciate the story or selection; establishing the mindset.
Motivation  determines the extent of the learners` active involvement and attitude towards learning.
Motive Question  is a query that is left hanging until the last part of the reading proper.
Developing Critical and Creative  Thinking Skills
Children develop logical thinking as they learn many skills.
Higher order thinking skills include hypothesizing ,organizing. operating, testing, searching. scrutinizing, solving and synthesizing.
Grammar and Oral language Development
It encompasses the idea that the students should be taught skills in speaking and grammar based on the reading selection as a springboard.
Transfer stage
Transfer is a crucial stage sinc it is an indicator of the significant learning of children.

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